Minggu, 26 Februari 2017

Crossword

Down:
1. High quality and lasting value for particular old thing.
2. A person or animal that eats.
4. Someone/something to possess or do.
6. Position when taking a selfie.
10. The enemy of the allies in WW2.
12. Become fully aware and understand clearly.
14. The state of being whole, entire, or united.
15. A spectrum of light. Red, yellow, blue.
18. Something that we eat.

Across:
3. The same as picture.
5. The same as slope.
7. The wife of a king.
8. Food that we bake. Usually has filling.
9. Something people write to express their  feeling and secrets.
11. Something that move in an orbit.
13. The act of sensing with the eye.
16. Something we do to make things right, usually position.
17. A statement which is funny.
19. A measurement of time.
20. To complain in a self pitying way.

 

Sabtu, 25 Februari 2017

Learning from Nature

Learning is the most essential thing in a civilizations and cultures. By learning we will have a lot of knowledge. By having a better knowledge we can advance our society to be more civilized. We learn everyhing from the moment we were born. At first we were not told by someone to do something. We were not directly taken to school when we born. But we observe our surrounding, we learn from nature. We learn to know ourself, our parents, our home through observation. Then, we learn more exact things from other people. Learning from nature is the most important step of learning. Because we can simply observe nature and learn from it. We are not wild animals, we can see in nature that animals behave however they like. Because humans have brain, we  have consciousness. We should not act solely based on our instinct, we do everything by our belief. We are intellectual beings that can learn. We are the most intellegent creature, but we also make the most mistakes. Making a mistake is alright, but learning from our mistake is the most important part. This process of learning will happen indefinitely because humans are not perfect and will never be. But we can try to do the best for everything. We can try to improve everything.
Nature is everything that surrounds us, animals, plants, and the environment. We lived alongside them, in the environment. We learn to harness nature power for our needs. For making our food, home, clothes, and everything we needs. We use animals for our food, as our pet, and our house guardian. We use plants for our food, clothes, and house furnitures. By observing and learning about it we can maximize our potential. We learn that cow produce milk, so we harvest it for our food. We learn that the sap from a rubber tree can make a rubber, so we use it as material for our clothes and tires. Because we cannot create them from a scratch, we only transform nature into our needs.
The most basic and fundamental is to learn from the nature itself. To learn all the beauties, wonders, and surprises nature has to offer us. Until now humans still far from understanding everything completely. It seems like whenever everything looks clear, there will be new theories to improve it.
We can take the positive behaviors of nature, to be working with others in harmony. We learn to be a better person like animals. Eventhough animals are primal and primitive, we can learn a really good teamwork just by looking to the army of ants marching together, the hardwork of animals for feeding their offsprings, and the patient of a tiger, wauting for the right moment to strikes. Not only for attitude and moral value, we tend to observe it and receive inspirations for technology and science. From the drop of an apple we discover a strong force of gravity. By observing the birds, we are able to create a flying machine ourself. Through that technology our life become easier and more prosper. Our technologies have rooms for improvements. Our potentials are great, we even have not reached far in outer space. But learning from nature takes great responsibility. Many people observe but also destroy things. Many just take as much as they could get. They doesn't care about nature, they only care about themself. We should not be greedy for wealth and exploitation. We must be responsible for our actions and the results of them. We may not feel it now but later generations will. The effects are permanent and cannot changed if we do not change. If later generations don't have any nature to observe, learn from, and use for their needs. We will doomed them if we act recklessly.

Selasa, 10 Januari 2017

My Last Holiday

On my last holiday in 2016, the holiday after the first semester in my school. I stayed at home. It is because of my father. He was still studying in the university. So, my family didn't go to my grandmother's house in Palembang. My family didn't go out much, we only went to some restaurant and PVJ. But relatives came to Bandung to visit my grandmother that lives here. So I met them in my grandmother house and talked, shared stories with each other. Everyday, If I have no other activity I played video games both alone and multiplayer with my friends. Usually I play with my friends on saturday night, so when holiday we play together everyday, every time, as long as we can. I played DOTA with my friends, my friends and I already play it since junior high school. Because of it, we still play together, have fun together, and still in touch with each other. Not only DOTA, I also played singleplayer games. Luckily, a famous developer give some of their games for free. I played and finished a singleplayer game titled Assassin Creed 3, it was good and it was very charitable from them for giving games. I didn't care that the games that they gave me were old and outdated. They were some of the best games in their histories. Until now i still have some of them not yet played. I also love the school holiday because of the sales at the online market called Steam. They was very kind every holiday, by selling almost all of their games in discounted price. So I bought one of the games I wanted. I played that game too during the holiday. It was Total War: Shogun 2, it was a game about wars in old Japan. I didn't finish the game because I lost my several attempt at beating the game but it was a lot of fun playing it. I also spend a lot of my time watching interesting youtube videos, especially about game. I watched a lot of videos, a lot of it pretty much an hour long. It was pretty much all of the activities in my last holiday. It was great, I spent my holiday with my own way of relaxing. I can't wait for my next holiday.      

Kamis, 17 November 2016

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a  writer and most noted for creating the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and writing stories about him which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born on 22 May 1859 at 11 Picardy Place, Edinburgh, Scotland. His father, Charles A, was English, and his mother, Mary. His parents married in 1855. In 1864 the family dispersed due to Charles's growing alcoholism.
Doyle was sent to the Jesuit preparatory school Hodder Place, Stonyhurst, at the age of nine (1868–70). He then went on to Stonyhurst College until 1875. From 1875 to 1876, he was educated at the Jesuit school Stella Matutina in Feldkirch, Austria. From 1876 to 1881, he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School.
he set up an independent practice. Arriving in Portsmouth in June 1882 with less than £10 (£900 today) to his name, he set up a medical practice at 1 Bush Villas in Elm Grove, Southsea. The practice was initially not very successful. While waiting for patients, Doyle began writing fiction.
Doyle struggled to find a publisher for his work. His first work featuring Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, A Study in Scarlet, was taken by Ward Lock & Co on 20 November 1886, giving Doyle £25 (£2500 today) for all rights to the story. Holmes was partially modelled on his former university teacher Joseph BellThough not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the most well-known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history. Sir Arthur wrote a total of 60 stories. There is a museum of Sherlock Holmes at 221b Baker Street, London. There were also movies and TV series based by the books.
Doyle had served as a volunteer doctor in the Langman Field Hospital at Bloemfontein between March and June 1900. Doyle believed that this publication was responsible for his being knighted as a Knight Bachelor by King Edward VII in 1902 and for his appointment as a Deputy-Lieutenant of Surrey. Also in 1900 he wrote a book, The Great Boer War.
In 1885 Doyle married Louisa (sometimes called "Touie") Hawkins, the youngest daughter of J. Hawkins, of Minsterworth, Gloucestershire, and sister of one of Doyle's patients. She suffered from tuberculosis and died on 4 July 1906. The following year he married Jean Elizabeth Leckie, whom he had first met and fallen in love with in 1897. He had maintained a platonic relationship with Jean while his first wife was still alive, out of loyalty to her. Jean died in London on 27 June 1940.
Doyle fathered five children. He had two with his first wife: Mary Louise (28 January 1889 – 12 June 1976) and Arthur Alleyne Kingsley, known as Kingsley (15 November 1892 – 28 October 1918). He had an additional three with his second wife: Denis Percy Stewart (17 March 1909 – 9 March 1955), second husband of Georgian Princess Nina Mdivani; Adrian Malcolm (19 November 1910 – 3 June 1970); and Jean Lena Annette (21 December 1912 – 18 November 1997).
Doyle was found clutching his chest in the hall of Windlesham Manor, his house in Crowborough, East Sussex, on 7 July 1930. He died of a heart attack at the age of 71. 





Minggu, 16 Oktober 2016

White Cockatoo

Umbrella-CockatooThe white cockatoo (Cacatua alba), also known as the umbrella cockatoo, is a medium-sized all-white cockatoo endemic to tropical rainforest on islands of Indonesia. When surprised, it extends a large and striking head crest, which has a semicircular shape (similar to an umbrella, hence the alternative name). The undersides of the wings and tail have a pale yellow or lemon color which flashes when they fly. It is similar to other species of white cockatoo such as yellow-crested cockatoo, sulphur-crested cockatoo, and salmon-crested cockatoo, all of which have yellow, orange or pink crest feathers instead of white.
It kingdom is Animalia, phylum is Chordata, class is Aves, order is Psittaciformes, superfamily is cacatuoidea, family is Cacatuidae, subfamily is Cacatuinae, tribe is Cacatuini, genus is Cacatua, subgenus is Cacatua, species is C.alba.


Cacatua alba -Pairi Daiza, Hainaut, Belgium-8a.jpgThe white cockatoo is around 46 cm (18 in) long, and weighs about 400 g (14 oz) for small females and up to 800 g (28 oz) for big males. The male white cockatoo usually has a broader head and a bigger beak than the female. They have brown or black eyes and a dark grey beak. When mature some female white cockatoos can have reddish/brown irises, while the irises of the adult male are dark brown or black.

The feathers of the white cockatoo are mostly white. However, both upper and lower surfaces of the inner half of the trailing edge of the large wing feathers are a yellow color. The yellow color on the underside of the wings is most notable because the yellow portion of the upper surface of the feather is covered by the white of the feather immediately medial (nearer to the body) and above.

Image result for habitat kakatua putihCacatua alba is endemic to lowland tropical rainforest on the islands of Halmahera, Bacan, Ternate, Tidore, Kasiruta and Mandioli (Bacan group) in North Maluku, Indonesia. It occurs in primary, logged, and secondary forests below 900m. It also occurs in mangroves, plantations including coconut and agricultural land. In the wild, white cockatoos feed on berries, seeds, nuts, fruit and roots. When nesting, they include insects and insect larvae. In their natural habitat, umbrella cockatoos typically feed on various seeds, nuts and fruits, such as papaya, langsat, and rambutan.

Like all cockatoos, the white cockatoo nests in hollows of large trees. Its eggs are white and there are usually two in a clutch. During the incubation period – about 28 days – both the female and male incubate the eggs. The larger chick becomes dominant over the smaller chick and takes more of the food. The chicks leave the nest about 84 days after hatching and are independent in 15–18 weeks. Juveniles reach sexual maturity in 3–4 years.

Question:

1. Why the white cockatoo is also known as umbrella cockatoo? Because white cockatoo...
A. is a medium-sized all-white cockatoo.
B. has yellow, orange, or pink crest feathers.
C. extends a large and striking head crest.
D. head crest has semicircular shape.
E. endemic to tropical rainforest on islands of Indonesia.

2. Which one is the correct statement according to the text?
A. White cockatoo order is cacatuoidae.
B. White cockatoo nests in hollows small tree.
C. When mature some male white cockatoos can have reddish/brown irises.
D. The feathers of white cockatoo is all white.
E. The male white cockatoo usually has a broader head and a bigger beak than the female.

3. What is the female white cockatoo usually has? Compared to the male
A. A broader head and a bigger beak.
B. A yellow, orange, or pink crest feathers.
C. A narrower head and a smaller beak.
D. A brighter yellow colour for the undersides of the wings.
E. Yellow irises.

4. What is the usual weight for white cockatoo?
A. Below 400g
B. Only 400g
C. Below 800g
D. Between 400-800g
E. More than 800g

5. Which one is the correct statement according to the text?
A. Cacatua alba is not endemic to lowland tropical rainforest in North Maluku, Indonesia.
B. The larger white cockatoo chick becomes dominant over the smaller chick and takes more of the food.
A. In their natural habitat, umbrella cockatoos typically feed on various vegetables.
D. It always occurs in mangroves, plantations including coconut and agricultural land.
E. During the incubation period – about 28 days – neither the female nor male incubate the eggs.

Source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_cockatoo
https://lafeber.com/pet-birds/species/umbrella-cockatoo/
http://www.mongabay.co.id/2015/05/22/kakatua-paruh-bengkok-sejuta-pesona-yang-merana/


Selasa, 04 Oktober 2016

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Selasa, 27 September 2016

Ampera Bridge


Ampera Bridge, Palembang.jpgThe Ampera Bridge is a vertical-lift bridge in the city of Palembang, Indonesia. The Ampera Bridge is the landmark of the city and use for connecting two regions of the city. It connects Seberang Ulu and Seberang Ilir that was separated by Musi River. For a few years after it was opened, the center span could be lifted at a speed of approximately 10 meters per minute to allow ships of up to 44.5m in height to pass underneath with a mechanical system and 500 tons ballast weights. However this only occurred a few times, and after 1970 it could no longer be opened. The official reason for this was that the 30 minutes needed to raise the bridge is too long for a delay. Now, only a 9 m ship that can pass under the bridge. However, according to architect Wiratman, who acted as a consultant before the construction, the design of the bridge was flawed from the outset because of the soft mud on which it was built. He maintains that his concerns were ignored for political reasons, and that as the towers' foundations shifted, the bridge deformed to the extent that it could no longer be opened. The ballast weights needed to balance the wight of the bridge were removed in 1990 to prevent possible accidents were they to fall.
Image result for jembatan amperaIt lengths for 1.117 m (the center is 71,90 m) and 22 m widths. It was the longest bridge in Southeast Asia in 1965.  It height is 11,5 m tall above sea level or 63 m above ground level. The distance between the two towers is 75 m. And it weight is 944 tons.The bridge was planned during the era of Indonesia's first president, who wanted a bridge that could open and be a match for London's Tower Bridge. The funds for the construction came from Japanese war reparations, with the Fuji Car Manufacturing Co. Ltd being given responsibility for design and construction. It was cost for about USD 4.500.000 at that time. However, at the time, Japan had no bridges of this type, and Fuji Car had no bridge-building experience. The official opening was carried out by Minister/Commander of the Army Lieutenant General Ahmad Yani. At first, the bridge was known as the Bung Karno Bridge, after the president. It was renamed the Ampera Bridge. Now the bridge is one of the tourists destination for photo, it has some colourful lights and look beautiful with the Musi River in the night and they also come to eat many traditional foods located near the bridge.  

Source:Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ampera_Bridge
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jembatan_Ampera